Digital Ethics


By Ashley Bruce
Secondary Author: Chris Bishop

Digital adj.

  1. (of signals or data) expressed as a series of the digits 0 and 1, typically represented by values of a physical quantity such as voltage or magnetic polarization.
    1. Related to, using, or storing data or information in the form of digital signals. (“digital TV”)
    2. Involving or relating to the use of computer technology. (“the digital revolution”)
  1. Showing the time by means of displayed digits rather than hands or a pointer.
  2. Relating to a finger or fingers

Digitus (finger, toe) [Latin] —> digitalis [Latin] —> digital (late 15th century)

Ethic n.

A set of moral principles, especially ones relating to or affirming a specified group, field, or form of conduct.

late Middle English (denoting ethics or moral philosophy; also used attributively): from Old French éthique, from Latin ethice, from Greek ( hē) ēthikē (tekhnē ) ‘(the science of) morals,’ based on ēthos

Digital Ethics:

The intersection of both the words digital and ethics or a field of ethics related to the relationship and ethical standards between creators, providers, and participants of the consumption of the creation, organization, dissemination, and use of digital information including ideas, images, and services. Digital Ethics is related to information ethics or, “the branch of ethics that focuses on the relationship between the creation, organization, dissemination, and use of information, and the ethical standards and moral codes governing human conduct in society” (Information ethics).  

How Does this relate to Art 120:

“Digital technology is not neutral. Rather, it enshrines a vision and reflects a world view.” ~Charlotte de Broglie, We Need To Talk About Digital Ethics 

Given the large digital component of our class we undoubtedly ended up discussing digital ethics, as digital consumers and creators we have to consider our role in the digital world and decide what we value and how these values will affect our digital presence. As digital consumers and creators we have to consider our moral obligation to validate information we present as facts or to cite information. To what degree do we own what we create and how should we convey that to those around us. We as a class discussed the following questions: Are we willing for others to share our work? Do we want people to share our content, so long as they credit us? Are we worried about being quoted in a way that portrays us in an unflattering light?


1.Creative Commons

During our discussion of Copyright and Cyberethics/digital citizenship we looked at creative commons which allows people to share content and encourage further (word choice?) sharing by allowing you to create a liscence for an image or post that explains how to use the information.


2. How do we cite information for this project?

We as a class talked at length about how to best cite sources for this project. What style citation we would use if any, and where it would go.

3. In writing this post I tried to find the original source for my gif in order to cite the source for this image. This lead me on a long journey to try and find the creator, and although I may have found the creator I am not sure if I actually did or how I would know weather or not he or she was the original creator. 


Logo Creative Commons

Image from Pere papasseit via flickr by way of Creative Commons taken on April 30, 2011 with some rights reserved

This image reflects a component of digital ethics which is the idea of ownership and sharing. Creative commons allows creators to encourage sharing but specify parameters for such acts.

"When Your Parent are Gone" by PettySoySauce via

I think this image captures digital ethics well because its based on the idea that we behave in a way that is ethical which is so relevant because we don't have great monitoring all the time when it comes to using digital technology.

gif from Kumar, Mohit via

To me this image gets at the idea that just because you can steal or do bad things using the internet or digital technology; does not mean you should and that is a large part of this idea of digital ethics. Also, like this kid, you may get caught and have to pay the price.

Penultimate Class to Final Class

For tonight’s class we’ll be putting the final touches on our Connected Learning Keywords project. Please log into Nell’s site (here) and build a keyword post that follows this format:

  • The title of the post should be the keyword, capitalized.
  • The first words of the post should read: “By [your name]” and on the line beneath it: “Secondary author: [that person’s name]”.
  • The post should include at least three images that are ethically chosen and clearly attributed. One should be placed as the “featured image” for the post.
  • Any sources you cite in your post should include, on first mention, the author’s first and last name and the title of the source. The title of the source should be a hyperlink to that source or a publicly viewable abstract of that source (in the case of sources behind the library paywall).
  • The content of your post should provide a thorough unpacking of 1) the definition of the word, 2) its relationship to the emergence of digital literacies, digital citizenship, and/or connected learning, and 3) the relevance and use of the word in the course.

For next week, we’d like you to submit a final reflection on your work in the this class. Please have answers prepared for anonymous entry next week:

  1. We are curious about the expectations that you had about this course and whether or how they were satisfied or addressed. What did you think this class was going to be about and/or why did you take it? How did it satisfy or fall short of those expectations? Did anything about the curriculum of the class surprise you?
  2. How relevant was this class to work that you’re doing or have done in other classes? Did you find the use of any of the techniques in the course (use of social media, collaborative writing/planning techniques, new media design components, readings, etc.) useful to work that you’re doing in other classes? Do you anticipate that it will in the future?
  3. What was your favorite component of this course? You can narrow in an anything — the dynamic of the in-class time, the use of WordPress or Ublend, a particular reading, figuring out a particular tool or method, etc — and reflect on why you liked it. This feedback will be really useful in deciding what components of the class to keep next time.
  4. What was your least favorite component of this course? You can narrow in an anything — the dynamic of the in-class time, the use of WordPress or Ublend, a particular reading, figuring out a particular tool or method, etc — and reflect on why you liked it. This feedback will be really useful in deciding what components of the class to amend or drop next time.
  5. Consider how this class could be modified. What would you add that would be relevant to the class?
  6. Please define, to the best of your ability, “connected learning” as we studied it this semester? What is connected learning and what isn’t it?

Finally, are you willing to sign a release form that would allow Nell and/or Pete to cite your work in future publications they may compose individually or individually? If so, please let us know tonight or via email this week so that we can bring you a consent form to sign. We can answer any questions that you have about this use and/or why we are asking for it.

Class Thirteen: Reviews, Building The Site, and your Bio

April 18
Today’s class:

Finish peer reviews (see last class post to see which words you are responsible for and links to forms and lists)

Incorporate the comments from your peer reviews to make your definition excellent.
Make sure the revised definition is in the shared document

Register as an author for domain access to our shared site
You will be asked to create a name as an author on this site (however you want to be known for this keyword project)

BIO Upload your 140 character bio and image into the profile in WordPress when you register as an author
Write this however you want, create whatever image you want to be represented by

CREATE a post

In headline write: “By: Your Name with (Your secondary author’s name) as a secondary author”
In Post body write: “Your word”, and as much of the definition and images as you can by Tuesday, April 25

Categorize: KEY WORDS
Tag: words that make sense with your definition

Tuesday: We will define design attributes, and you will implement them on your word.

Everyone will peer-review two words for design. Work on the same two words you peer-reviewed for content, and email the primary author comments; After comments all will revise their design for form. Voila.



Class Twelve: Critique, Complement & Augment

April 11

Write — finish authorship on primary word, and support as secondary author. Once you both feel good about your word post it to this shared document, under your word (in orange).

Collaborate on thoughts for common design as notes for Nell and Pete as we create the “thing” that will be the final form of our project.

Use this form to write your thoughts when peer-reviewing key words.

Here is a link to FEEDBACK spreadsheet. You may comment, but not edit.


When using the form (above) to review your words, we’re asking you to consider Ideas, Organization, and Mechanics as separate review categories. When assessing Ideas, think about the invention/creation which the author uses in the post, their metaphors, and the logical flow of the text. In Organization consider transitions between paragraphs, balance, and pay specific attention to the shape of the introduction and conclusion. In Mechanics comment on the punctuation, sentence structure, diction, and general proofreading comments.

Jasmine: Curate & Photograph
Alex: Mindfulness & Typing
Rebecca: Comment & Image
Katherine: Digital Ethics & mindfulness
Chris D: Social Media & Seeing
Kendall: Curate & Seeing
Gundolf: Publish & materiality
Shaniece: Image & Digital Ethics
Ashley: Comment & materiality
Lauran: Social Media & Publish
Nastacia: Photograph &
Chris B: materiality & Typing

Class Eleven: Ending with a start: Designing a Collaborative Project


March 28:

  • What have we done? [create a list — nouns/verbs]
  • Look at sites: short guide to digital humanities/living handbook of narratology/
  • Define final project:
    • “connected learning key words”
    • Discuss format
      • Define Partners (primary/secondary)
      • Review process (peer review and submit to Pete and Nell)
    • Select words
    • Timeline

Continue reading

Class Ten: Where is the crossover?

. . . with the understanding that Weeks Eight and Nine were spent on Peak Week and Spring Break . . . 

Today we’re going to read Ethan Zuckerman’s 2014 essay “New Media, New Civics?” We’ll study the article collaboratively after a half hour of reading time. Primarily we’ll be isolating Zuckerman’s claims, the reflecting on the design of the journal article, and reimagining how Zuckerman’s argument could be represented for a new/different audience. We’ll also be looking back at the network reflection posts on Ublend to draw some ties together.

We’ll talk about the question that I (Pete) find the most motivating in any of this work: where is the crossover? How has your study of networks, the recent readings for class, WordPress, etc. been relevant and applicable to work that you’re doing in your classes or beyond the boundaries of the university?

Catching up: We’ll finish up early so that people can work on/ask questions about any/all of the following:

  • Network reflection blog posts (week 1, week 2)
  • Brainstorm, research, analyze jobs from Week Seven on Ublend.
  • Women’s March post revision (following the “standardization” conversation in class on Week Seven).

For next week: By Friday at noon, use this Ublend post to suggest an article, news story, video lecture, or other media artifact for class discussion. It should be something people can digest easily in an hour or less, and it be in some way relevant to the discussions we’ve had so far on networks, curation, ownership of the web, design, knowledge production, etc. Nell and I will choose one or two and boost them back out to the group. Look for an email (and a message on Ublend) announcing the reading selections, and please come to class with that reading complete.


Class Five: Revision, Curation & Design

Today in class we’ll be focusing on REVISION, CURATION, and DESIGN with a collaborative activity designed to turn our Women’s March project into an organized resource (network? framework? artifact? invitation?).

Next week we’ll spend some time talking about knowing, research, and storytelling. Your “reading” for this week are two podcasts:

Link to class notes on Creative Commons and Fair Use images

New York Times : When It’s Illegal to Photograph Artwork